Tooth decay and cavities are one of the most common oral health problems caused by a combination of bacteria and food. Decay usually begins when bacteria in the mouth increase during the 30 to 40 minutes after you eat. When bacteria reach a certain level, they make acid that eat away at the hard mineral layers of the tooth, causing severe damage. By following the simple steps mentioned below, you will be able to prevent tooth decay.
Brushing your teeth regularly is the best measure to prevent tooth decay. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, every day, in the morning and before going to bed. Use of a toothbrush with soft, rounded-end bristles, and small head that allows you to reach every part of your teeth and mouth is advisable. Along with the said toothbrush, use only a fluoride toothpaste, which helps slow the formation of hard mineral buildup on the teeth. Hold the brush firmly, and gently rock the brush back and forth in small circular movements for effective cleaning.
Floss once a day is advisable to prevent decay to form between teeth. The type of floss you use is not important, but the one that works best for you is crucial. Use enough floss that you can wind it around your middle finger, and using your thumb and index fingers, gently ease the floss between two teeth. Form “C” shape against the surface of one tooth and move the floss firmly up and down to scrape off the plaque. If you think that this technique is too tough for you, seek your dentist for flossing guidance.
The types of food you eat also affect the formation of tooth decay. Avoid foods that contain a lot of sugar, especially sweet, sticky foods like raisins and taffy. Avoiding between-meal snacks can also prevent tooth decay; but, more importantly, consume food with rich nutrition to prevent tooth decay and maintain healthy gums.
Finally, routine visits to your dentist can be very helpful, preventing formation of tooth decay. At the visit, the dentist will examine your teeth and gums for the signs of decay, gum disease, and other dental problems. If any oral health problem is found during the visit, the dentist will systematically provide a cure using proper dental tools and equipment. Visit your dentist every six months for optimal oral health.