Tooth Extraction – Causes, Treatment and Aftercare Explained by Dentist in Vienna, Virginia

July 1, 2014

Gum disease can seriously damage or loosen your tooth. Unfortunately, if your tooth is seriously damaged, then you need to immediately visit a dental clinic for suitable treatment and guidance. Tooth extraction is a process of removing a decayed, damaged, or loosened tooth from its socket in the bone. Only a professional dentist, who specializes in surgeries of the mouth, can extract a tooth.

Why it is done?

Tooth extraction is an essential treatment, when decay or an abscessed tooth is so severe that no other treatment will cure the infection.

Initially, if your tooth is damaged, broken, or decayed, you dentist will try to fix it with a filling, crown, or any other suitable treatment. Sometimes, if the damage is beyond repair, the tooth needs to be extracted. Here are some reasons for tooth extractions:

1.    Some individuals have extra teeth / tooth that block other teeth from coming in.
2.    Sometime baby teeth don’t fall in time to allow the permanent teeth come in.
3.    People getting braces may need teeth extracted to create room for the teeth that are being moved into place.
4.    Individual receiving cancer treatment may develop infected teeth because drugs used for curing cancer may weaken the immune system. Infected teeth may need to be extracted.
5.    Some teeth may need to be removed if they could become a source of infection after an organ transplant.
6.    Wisdom teeth are need to be removed if they are decayed, cause pain, or have an infection.

Before extracting your tooth, your dentist will offer you a local anesthetic to numb the region where the tooth will be extracted. A powerful, general anesthetic may be used, especially if more than one teeth are to be removed. General anesthetic avoids pain in the entire body and making you sleep during the treatment.

After a tooth is extracted, you may require stitches. You can softly bite down on a cotton gauze pad placed over the wound to prevent the bleeding. The extracted tooth can be replaced with a denture, an implant, or a bridge. A bridge is a replacement for one or more (but not all) of the teeth and may be permanent or removable.

How it is done.

Mainly, there are 2 different types of extractions:

1.    A simple extraction is performed on a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. General dentist commonly do simple extractions. In a simple extraction, the dentist loosens the tooth with an instrument called an elevator. Then the dentist uses an instrument called a forceps to remove the tooth.
2.    A surgical tooth extraction is a complicated process. Normally performed by oral surgeons, this treatment is employed when a tooth is broken off at the gum line or has not come into the mouth yet. The doctor makes a tiny cut into your gum. In some cases, to extract the tooth, doctor may remove some of the bone around the tooth or cut the tooth in half.

For a surgical tooth extraction, you will receive a local anesthetic, and you may have anesthesia via a vein (intravenous). Individuals with specific medical or behavioral conditions and young children may require general anesthesia.

What to expect after surgery

The recovery period, in most cases, lasts only a few days. Follow these steps for speedy recovery:

1.    Consume painkillers as prescribed by your oral surgeon or dentist. Apply a cold pack or ice to the outside of your mouth to get rid of pain and swelling.
2.    After 24 hours of treatment, gargle your mouth mildly with warm water few times a day to decrease swelling and relive pain. Prepare your own salt water at home by mixing 1 tsp of salt in a medium-sized glass of warm water.
3.    Don’t indulge yourself into physical activities, as it may increase bleeding.
4.    Quite smoking
5.    Consume soft foods, like pudding, gelatin, or a thin soup. As healing progresses, slowly add solid foods to your diet.
6.    When you sleep, don’t lie flat as this may prolong bleeding. Keep your head up with pillows.
7.    Don’t rub the area with your tongue.
8.    Do not use sucking motions, like when using a straw to drink.
9.    Carefully clean your teeth and tongue.

How well it works.

Tooth extraction can avoid the spread of infection to other areas of your mouth.

When to call a dentist?

A tooth extraction should be done at the earliest to check the spread of infection and more severe problems. If the damage is serious, in which a root canal treatment might not save the tooth, your oral surgeon or dentist may suggest tooth extraction and an implant or bridge installed.

However, call your oral surgeon if:

1.    The swelling gets worse instead of healing
2.    You experience fever, chills, or redness
3.    Your experience trouble in swallowing
4.    Constant bleeding
5.    The area continuous to bleed after the first 24 hours
6.    Your tongue, lip, or chin feel numb more than 3-4 hours after the procedure
7.    You experience excess of pain

Remember, after treatment; avoid smoking or use of tobacco as it reduces the healing ability of your body. If you do smoke, the sucking motion of inhaling may dislodge or loosen the blood clot that is necessary for healing. For more information on tooth extraction, feel free visit Monarch Smiles, a dental clinic in Vienna with highly qualified team of dentists. To schedule an appointment, please visit: https://www.monarchsmiles.com.

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